MODULE 2: Epilepsy Medication Therapy 19 Healthcare Lingo Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) Medicines to treat seizures. Also called antiepileptic medications, anticonvulsants, and antiseizure drugs.1 Lifestyle factors These are things like getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and decreasing stress that might help you manage your epilepsy.2 Medication adherence Taking your AEDs regularly.3 Medication compliance Following your doctor’s instructions for taking your AEDs.3 Neuron A nerve cell. Nerve cells communicate with each other in the brain and can send messages to other parts of the body.4 Seizure frequency How often you have seizures. Seizure Diary A record of each time you have a seizure. You can record other information about each seizure, too, such as how long the seizure lasted and how you felt before the seizure.6 A seizure diary could be a paper document, an online seizure diary, or an app you use on your phone.7 Seizure triggers Factors that might cause your seizures, such as stress or lack of sleep.5 Side effects Side effects are unwanted or unexpected events or unexpected reactions to a drug that can be caused by a medicine you take. Side effects are also known as adverse events.8 References 1. Perucca E, Tomson T. The pharmacological treatment of epilepsy in adults. Lancet Neurol. 2011;10(5):446–456. 2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Living Well With Epilepsy. http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/pdfs/epilepsy- brochure-508.pdf. 3. Epilepsy Foundation. Medication Adherence. http://www.epilepsy.com/get-help/managing-your- epilepsy/managing- triggers/medication-adherence. November 2013. 4. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The Epilepsies and Seizures: Hope Through Research. 2016. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm. February 2016. 5. England MJ, Liverman CT, Schultz AM, Strawbridge LM, eds. Epilepsy Across the Spectrum. Promoting Health and Understanding. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. The National Academies Press; 2012. 6. Epilepsy Foundation. If First Medicine Doesn’t Work. http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/treating- seizures-and-epilepsy/ treatment-101-basics/if-first-medicine-doesnt-work. October 2016. 7. Epilepsy Foundation. Using Seizure Diaries. http://www.epilepsy.com/get-help/managing-your- epilepsy/tracking- my-seizures/using-seizure-diaries. August 2013. 8. Epilepsy Foundation. Side Effects. http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/treating-seizures-and- epilepsy/seizure-and- epilepsy-medicines/side-effects. March 2014.