MODULE 3: Epilepsy Support and Non-medication Management 7 Risk Factors Risk factors are something that can make a person more likely to have epilepsy. Not everyone who has epilepsy has risk factors. Here are some risk factors for adults with epilepsy11 : • Alzheimer’s disease • Autism • Brain injuries, tumors, infections, or bleeding • Stroke (blocked blood vessel in the brain) • Family history of epilepsy • Family history of seizures that happen during a fever • Use of illegal drugs such as cocaine Drug-resistant Epilepsy Drug-resistant epilepsy means that after trying either 2 different types of AED medications alone or after trying 2 different combinations of AED medications, you continue to have seizures.15