MODULE 3: Epilepsy Support and Non-medication Management 32 Healthcare Lingo Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) Medicines to treat seizures. Also called antiepileptic medications, anticonvulsants, antiseizure drugs.1 Aura A warning that you have before a seizure, or an actual seizure. An aura might be a change in a sensation, such as your sense of smell, taste, or sight. Or it could be a physical change, such as feeling lightheaded or dizzy.2-4 Ketogenic diet A special high-fat, low- carbohydrate diet that may be prescribed by your doctor in addition to medications to help control seizures.5 Lifestyle factors These are things like getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and decreasing stress that might help you manage your epilepsy.6 Neuron A nerve cell. Nerve cells communicate with each other in the brain and can send messages to other parts of the body.7 Neurologic Relating to neurons (nerve cells).7 Quality of life Your sense of well-being. Your sense of well- being comes from how satisfied you are with your roles, activities, goals, and opportunities in life.8 Seizure frequency How often you have seizures. Seizure triggers Factors that might cause your seizures, such as stress or lack of sleep.8 Self-management Taking responsibility for your own behavior and well-being, and managing your own day-to- day health.9 Status epilepticus A prolonged, severe seizure that can cause brain injury. Any seizure that causes muscle contractions and lasts more than 5 minutes can be a medical emergency, and someone should call 911.10 SUDEP Sudden unexpected death related to epilepsy. It is not caused by drowning or another type of accident that could lead to death while having a seizure. SUDEP can happen with or without a seizure.11