Epilepsy: Exploring INFORMATION / KNOWLEDGE / EMPOWERMENT MODULE 1: Epilepsy 101 8 How Is Epilepsy Diagnosed? It can be hard for a doctor to diagnose someone with epilepsy. The doctor might not ever see you having a seizure.24 The information you give to your doctor about your seizures is very important. This information will help the doctor decide if you have epilepsy or not. Family members, friends, or anyone else who has seen you have a seizure might have helpful information, too.24 Your doctor will talk to you about your seizures and examine you. The doctor might run some tests to try to find out the cause of the seizures.25 Family History and Medical History A family history helps the doctor understand if there is any family tendency to have seizures.  The medical history helps the doctor understand if any medical conditions you’ve had in the past might be causing your seizures.25 Physical and Neurologic Exam The physical and neurologic exams help the doctor figure out if any other  medical conditions might be causing the seizures.25 Blood Tests Blood tests give the doctor information about what’s happening in your body.25 Computerized Tomography (CT) A CT scan uses radiation to see if there are changes in the brain, such as bleeding,  that might be causing the seizures.  CT scans are also called CAT scans.25 Electroencephelogram (EEG) An EEG records electrical activity in the brain. EEGs can help the doctor understand what’s happening in the brain.25 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) An MRI uses magnetic fields to see if there are structural changes in the brain, such as tumors, that might be causing the seizures.25